The Roots of Blues
Blues is a genre of music whose origin is the Deep South of United States of America. This form of music came up in the 19th century. Its root is traced from African music cultures, African American work songs, folk music, of folk music and spirituals as this most important to a number of people.
Styles of Blues
Blues are an incorporation of work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and spiritual music. The first publication of blues sheet was done in 1908. Since then, Blues has undergone evolution to from unaccompanied vocal music and slaves’ oral traditions to a vast variety of subgenres and styles.
There emerged several subgenres of blues including; Piedmont blues and Delta Blues. There also emerged urban blues such as West Coast Blues and Chicago Blues. In the 1960s and 1970s, Blue Rock, a hybrid form of blues came to be. This particular type was a blend of blues and Rock music.
‘Blues’ is a name that is said to have originated from Blue Devils, which me and sadness or melancholy. It is also suspected to have come from Britain the 1600s. By then, this term was taken to mean intensive visual hallucinations such as those that can attack someone who is under the influence of alcohol.
In the 1800s, the term Blues was associated with alcoholism. ‘Blue law’ for example, was a term that was taken to mean a law that prohibits alcohol drinking. Traditionally, Blues often consisted of a single line, that was sung repeatedly. However, in the early decades of the 20th century, most of the structures being used to date were standardized.
Two of the standard Blues, called AAB were published as follows;
Some memorable blues personalities include Ma Rainey, also referred to as ‘The Mother of Blues’ and Robert Johnson, who used to combine of guitar skills, singing, and songwriting, and was therefore considered highly talented in the Blues world. He used his talents to influence many generations of the music industry.
In the early days, African-American Blues singers used their music to air their tribulations. Some of them would sing about their love stories, oppression by the Whites, experiences of police brutality and other hardships.
Over the years, the gap between Jazz and Blues became narrower and narrower. However, each of them later became defined.
Besides, many Country music songs were borrowed from the Blues world especially in the 1970s, meaning Blues have been a great influence on other forms of music.